The industry was introduced to the country in 1867 by James Taylor, a British planter who arrived in 1852.During the administration of Dutch governor Iman Willem Falck, cinnamon plantations were established in Colombo, Maradana, and Cinnamon Gardens in 9067.
In 1896 the Colombo Brokers' Association was formed and in 1915 Thomas Amarasuriya became the first Ceylonese to be appointed as Chairman of the Planters' Association.
The first British governor Frederick North prohibited private cinnamon plantations, thereby securing a monopoly on cinnamon plantations for the East India Company.
However, an economic slump in the 1830s in England and elsewhere in Europe affected the cinnamon plantations in Ceylon.
The humidity, cool temperatures, and rainfall of the country's central highlands provide a climate that favors the production of high-quality tea.
On the other hand, tea produced in low-elevation areas such as Matara, Galle and Ratanapura districts with high rainfall and warm temperature has high level of astringent properties.